What Is Arrowroot Used For

Due to the growing awareness of climate change Arrowroot has become one of the green chemistry and eco-friendly options of non-toxic and edible natural fibers. we will be expounding on what is arrowroot used for in this article.

The natural fibers of the arrowroot are derived from the plant rhizomes and do not pose a problem as they are biodegradable. In addition, natural fibers come with many advantages such as a substitute for timber, wood plastic composite, less costly, easily available, and reduces deforestation.

Arrowroot is native to Jamaica and the Caribbean and is cultivated across the globe. It plays a pivotal role in the development of biodegradable products such as biocomposites.

What Is Arrowroot?

Arrowroot is a perpetual plant that can grow to a height of 90 – 150 cm with big green leaves of about 10 to 20 cm and white flowering. The rhizomes are white and resemble those of carrots and can grow anywhere between 2.5 to 3 cm in width and 20 to 40 cm long.

The rhizomes are grown in clusters and spread across the land space on which they are planted, yielding huge amounts at a time. They have long fibrous roots with tuberous rhizomes made up mainly of starch and fiber.

Arrowroot has a high starch content rhizome that when extracted is easily digested and has an excellent gelling property. It is believed to contain a high content of amylase (3520%) which makes it suitable for the production of films.

In recent times, there has been a growing interest in the use of rigid nanoscale particles to strengthen materials in polymeric matrices, composites, and nanocomposites. Carbon nanotubes and cellulose nanowhiskers are two examples of such particles,

Arrowroot fibers are biomass residues derived from agribusiness which provide a good source of cellulose nanowhiskers. The rhizome is hydrophilic and the fiber is small in diameter. the tear resistance for packaging of the fiber is high which makes it useful for packaging and also suitable for making tissue paper.

Is Arrowroot Healthy To Eat?

Tubers form an integral part of some plant species that are enlarged and are able to store energy, nutrients, and vitamins and can live for the following seasons, and are able to reproduce.

They contain critical biological nutrients such as carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in the starch which plays significant roles in nourishing the body as well as in human life development.

Arrowroot starch is used in the food manufacturing industry because of its strong content and is widely used in various viscosities or textures, as well as in several other applications.
The starch also contains polysaccharide compounds with two primary basic elements, amylopectin, and anhydroglucose molecules with branched structure, and amylase which are responsible for the exhibition of the distinct pasting, retro gradation, viscoelastic and rheological properties.

Arrowroot starch has many advantages as it is versatile, non-poisonous, ecological, blood-adaptable, and bio-accumulate. It has been used for making biscuits, cake, pudding, porridge, as well as pie filling. Moreover, it is used for therapeutic purposes.

In addition, it is used in certain food preparation for thickening, and or stabilizing agents, condiments, soup, sweets, and ice cream, and as a carbohydrate source.

These carbohydrates are found in the mature rhizomes along with b-carotene, niacin, and thiamine which makes them very digestible and a nutritional food when cooked.

research has evidence of the suggestion that arrowroot starch can be used for children, which is convalescent with organic weakness because of its high digestibility.

Being a product of Jamaica I can contest this as in my opinion it is no longer a suggestion but a fact as I was introduced to arrowroot products at an early age, and today still enjoy a meal prepared with arrowroot.

The extracted compounds of arrowroot are mainly water and fiber and a low amount of starch. Carbohydrate is one of the most valued ingredients found in starch which is also used to produce medicine

What Is Arrowroot Used For?

The leftover fiber in the arrowroot after removing the starch is used to produce paper, tissue paper, and cardboard. It can also be used as compost and animal feed.

In addition, it is used for making spray starch for clothes and can be added to cosmetic products such as creams and lotions.

Arrowroot is so versatile that it can be used as flour by itself and is naturally gluten-free, Moreover, it can be mixed with other gluten-free flour like almond and coconut, and is the perfect treat for bread and cake recipes.

Medicinal Uses And Benefits Of Arrowroot

There is scientific evidence to back the belief that arrowroot has a host of medicinal uses and benefits. The search is obtained from the rhizomes and contains protein, folate, iron, phosphorus, and potassium which gives numerous health benefits. Arrowroot starch delivers in the following areas:

  • promotes sleep
  • promotes digestion
  • supports weight loss
  • treats athlete’s foot
  • promotes heart health
  • enhances skin health

The properties of arrowroot starch and its chemical composition are made up of fiber, lipids, protein, and minerals of which some impart favorable characteristics to the starch, while others control the quality.

Arrowroot has superior amylase contents when compared to other starches such as tapioca (17%), potato (20 – 25%), wheat (26 – 27%, and maize ( 26 – 28%). Due to the high amylase content, arrowroot starch is the perfect choice for producing products with good technical properties.

Arrowroot starch has several functional properties which include water absorption index, water-soluble index, and oil absorption index. The oil absorption index of flours and proteins are an essential property in foods that influences taste, texture, and mouthfeel as well as product yield.

Arrowroot starch also contains active compounds such as antioxidants and antimicrobials. The antioxidant is an essential component for reducing the possibility of food damage by preventing the oxidation process of oils and fats in some packaged foods.


The natural fibers of arrowroot starch are biodegradable and pose no threat to the environment and have many advantages as substitutes for timbers for wood plastic. They are less costly and easily available and reduce deforestation.

They have a huge potential to be converted into useful products and can be the ideal material to replace glass and carbon fiber.

Arrowroot starch is ideal for use in cooking, baking, and making other products such as medicinal and cosmetic items. In addition, it has a host of health benefits and is more versatile than its other natural starchy competitors

I hope you found value in reading this article. Please leave a comment below if you have any questions and I would be more than happy to help you out.


2 thoughts on “What Is Arrowroot Used For”

  1. You got my attention with arrowroots’ high starch content. Since the starch is non-poisonous and adaptable to the blood, I am beginning to look at it as a substitute for corn in our chicken feed. It is like an alternative that will help reduce costs and increase vitality for my poultry. I research it to see if it can improve our daily egg production.

    • Hi Parameter, Thank you for your comment, and I say yes to Arrowroot for your poultry farming, but it’s also good for your health.  I recommend you do some more research.

      It is one of the easiest crops to grow. A little space in your backyard and you will be surprised at the number of rhizomes you reap at the end of it.  Depending on what your sunlight availability is, after a year you can start reaping.  All the best with your poultry farm.


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