While it could be passed as just another spice, the potential health benefits of garlic contain therapeutic properties responsible for the prevention of acute diseases.
Garlic has been around since ancient times when it was used to give foods increased aroma and flavor. It has excellent health-promoting benefits due to its bioactive compounds which include alkaloids, tannins, vitamins, phenolic diterpenes, flavonoids as well as other sulfur-containing compounds.
What is Garlic?
Garlic is a well-known spice with bioactive compounds which include alkaloids, tannins, vitamins, phenolic diterpenes, flavonoids, and polyphenols.
There are also sulfur-containing compounds that are responsible for the therapeutic properties due to their antioxidants, anticarcinogenic, antitumorigenic anti-inflammatory, glucose, and cholesterol-lowering properties.
Garlic is from the Amaryllidaceae family and is cultivated across the globe.
What Are The Potential Health Benefits of Garlic?
in ancient times garlic was used as an antibiotic and as a subsidiary for pharmaceuticals to treat epidemics such as Typus, Cholera, and influenza.
Its nutritional value along with its wide range of potential health benefits made garlic one of the most valued plants in ancient times and the first to be cultivated.
The use of Garlic for therapeutic purposes was due mainly to the active presence of bioactive compounds such as organic sulfides, saponins, phenolic acids, and polysaccharides.
The therapeutic effects of garlic can help in the reduction of diseases such as Cancer, Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes, Metabolic disorders, osteoporosis, and other skin diseases.
In addition, the antioxidants, anti-inflammatory, and lipids in garlic make it a promising health benefit.
Bioactive Compounds Of Garlic
Garlic has many diverse nutritional constituents and possesses phytochemicals and fiber. It also contains high levels of potassium, phosphorus, zinc, and sulfur. In addition, it has moderate levels of selenium, calcium, magnesium, manganese, and iron, and is low in sodium, vitamins A, B, C, and B Complex.
Garlic has grown in popularity in recent years because of its main bioactive compounds. Research has shown that there are more than twenty (20) well-known polyphenolic compounds in the spice. There are also another additional seventeen (17) amino acids with eight main ones.
Bioactive compounds are generally present in garlic but when chopped or crushed, it releases a higher number of compounds such as allicin, dithiins, and ajoene which are found after different types of chemical reactions.
The Therapeutic Properties
The potential health benefits of garlic have lent way to its therapeutic properties of consumption which are gaining attention mainly because of its fight against cancer, cardiac disease, blood pressure, diabetes, bone and skin diseases, and other ailments due to its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and lipid-lowering effects.
Antioxidant – The antioxidant properties of aged garlic extract (AGE) decrease the reactive oxygen species which are produced through increased metabolism or chronic inflammation.
Cancer is one of the main causes of death and based on credible research, it has been shown that the potential health benefits of garlic when ingested can reduce the risk of gastric, breast, and lung cancers.
It has been further suggested that the intake of the spice can help to reduce the possibility of colon, prostate, esophageal, larynx, mouth, ovary, and renal cell cancers. Although studies seem promising, further studies are needed.
With personalized diets and supplements, garlic can also provide symptomatic relief for various cancerous conditions including:-
With long-term consumption of garlic supplements or garlic with vitamins, the health benefits are promising. It is believed that the consumption of a high oxidant spices diet with the inclusion of garlic with 400mg and 1mg of allicin per day, will help to reduce oxidative stress.
Anti-inflammatory – Most chronic diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular are linked with inflammatory conditions. Garlic has been shown to have potent anti-inflammatory effects in decreasing inflammation in end-stage renal diseases.
In a Randomized Clinical Trial, it showed a significant reduction of inflammatory cytokines when 400mg of aged garlic extract was administered twice per day for eight weeks. The finding was that garlic supplements, including aged garlic extract (AGE), garlic powder, and garlic capsules can reduce tumors.
The immune cells are responsible for the anti-inflammatory effects. Aged Garlic Extract (AGE) contains compounds that can improve the immune system if taken at doses of 2.5g per day for 90 days.
Lipid-lowering effects – When garlic is used its potential health benefits are shown to have lowered lipid effects on hyperlipidemic patients by reducing its cholesterol concentration.
The combination of garlic with olive oil will effectively regulate cholesterol and triglyceride levels (HDL and LDL).
Garlic Effects On Other Diseases
When germs like bacteria or fungi no longer respond to the drugs designed to kill them, it becomes a serious issue. In order to address these issues, substantial attention is given to the antimicrobial activities of spices like garlic because of their ability to prevent pathogenic viruses, bacteria, yeast, and fungi.
The antimicrobial properties of garlic may include the prevention of extracellular enzymes that deprive the substrates need for microbial growth Garlic tablets are shown to treat:-
- Acute respiratory disease
- Nosocomial infections
- Urinary tract infection
The intake of garlic exerts a protective effect also in gastric disease. the supplement is shown to reduce liver enzymes. In addition, fermented garlic extract will safely improve hepatic functions.
The oil of garlic is said to have significant hepatoprotective effects on chronic hepatitis. Frequent consumption of raw garlic is connected with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. When garlic powder is consumed it will regulate the body components and reduce body weight and fat mass. For more information CLICK HERE.
Garlic is not just used as a kitchen spice but has therapeutic properties that are responsible for the prevention of many diseases.
The spice has been used since ancient days and has excellent health-promoting benefits because of its bioactive compounds which are many.
Within the makeup of garlic are sulfur-containing compounds, antioxidants, and anticarcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, glucose, and cholesterol-lowering properties.
Garlic health benefits are numerous when the aged extracts, supplements, capsule, powder, and oils are used as they form protective barriers to keep the whole body safe. When summed up, garlic is a promising candidate for preventing and treating different health conditions.
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