Rosemary leaves and flowering tops are used as spice and flavoring dishes and are also used in the preparation of vegetables. Rosemary is also believed to have many associated benefits and side effect.
The extract of Rosemary is known to have antioxidant properties which benefit the use of baking, beverages, and savory foods for retarding rancidity in fats and oils, preventing degradation.
The increased interest in Rosemary plants is due largely to their antioxidant and health-enhancing properties.
What Is Rosemary
Rosemary is an evergreen plant of the Lamiaceae family. Grown up to 2m in height and native to the Mediterranean region, it is now cultivated worldwide.
It has linear leaves green on the upper surface with numerous branched hairs making its lower surface whitish.
The plant has been used as an aromatic herb and medicine. Rosemary has many varied benefits and some minor side effects.
Rosemary Benefits And Side Effects
The essential oils in rosemary are a promising healthy oil rich in phytonutrients and exhibit unique antiradical, antioxidant, and antimicrobial traits.
The cold-pressed essential oil could be used in novel pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and edible applications.
In a study done by Mahgoub et al, it was shown the effect of the essential oil of rosemary has growth performance and bio-stimulating health, and intestinal bacterial populations in Japanese quail where there was a notable increase in body weight and body weight gain.
The administration of the essential oil also showed an increase in metabolic hormone levels and serum total protein.
The oil also increases antioxidant enzymes and reduces lipids oxidation in the liver. Rosemary supplements also reduce the growth of total bacterial counts.
Rosemary extract is used in folk medicine as a treatment for Urinary conditions, and chronic weakness which is sometimes caused by lack of exercise, aging, muscle injury, or pregnancy.
The extract is also used for nervous disorders, hair loss, and peripheral vascular disease. In addition, it is used as:
- An astringent
- Flatulence reliever
- Digestive Aid
- Chlorotic and
The pharmacological effects and activities of rosemary have been validated as antimutagenic, anticancer, hepatoprotective, and antioxidant activities and have been attributed to the induction of anticarcinogenic enzymes.
Further studies are to be done to understand its full capability.
Rosemary’s Use In The Food Industry
In the food industry, rosemary essential oil has many applications due to its antimicrobial activity, antimycotic, and antioxidants.
The essential oil has a higher thermal resistance which makes it an attractive commodity to use in products that are exposed to high temperatures.
The extracts contain a fraction of essential oils consisting of 1.8 cineol, camphor, a-pinone, and camphene. Another fraction of the extract contains phenolic compounds such as rosemarinic acid, carnosic acid, carnosol, and rosemanol.
This is considered safe to add directly to foods depending on the type of food products.
Rosemary essential oil is used to stimulate the central nervous system and blood circulation, and muscular pain.
Due to its high concentration level, the oil should be diluted with another massage oil such as sweet almond or sunflower oil.
Rosemary oil is beneficial in promoting hair growth.
Mixed with other carrier oils it will yield results if used continuously for 7 months on the scalp
It is also recommended for the treatment of alopecia.
Rosemary essential oil stimulates hair follicles and circulation in the scalp and can help with premature baldness.
Several cosmetic applications have used rosemary essential oils and are listed as:
Cleansing Cream – It is ideal for oily skin and can also be added to
- Air, and room fresheners
- Lotion/creams formulations.
Does Rosemary Have Side Effects?
In a study conducted in 2008, it was noted that rosemary extracts when consumed in small amounts 2000mg/kg of body weight in both sexes were not associated with negative toxic levels.
Some minor side effects of rosemary include nausea, diarrhea, and hypertension. Hypertension can be a result of a large amount ingested. This is characterized by weakness, pale mucous membrane, and depression.
Other side effects from ingesting rosemary in large quantities are listed:-.
- Frequent urination
- Excessive thirst
- Weight loss
- Reproductive failure and abortion
Recommended treatment For Overuse
In a study done, it was suggested that activated charcoal with a cathartic can be used to treat ailments caused by the over-use of rosemary extract and oil.
It was further suggested that applying antiemetic fluid therapy and pressor agents is beneficial for the treatment of hydration.
Further studies are, however, needed to be done to determine the effectiveness.
It is safe to use rosemary oil and extract for various health benefits but should be used in moderation to avoid possible side effects.
If you are pregnant you should consult with your doctor before using rosemary as it could cause an abortion.
As in, all-natural ingredients, moderation is key to achieving ultimate health benefits and rosemary is no different from its sister plants.
You can purchase rosemary oil or its extract online. Click here for further information.
I hope you enjoyed reading this article and if you have a question, please feel free to leave a comment below and I will be more than happy to help you out.